Total Hip Replacement surgery involves replacing the hip joint that has been damaged or worn away by arthritis or injury with artificial hip parts or implants called prosthesis. The prosthesis substitutes for the hip joint allowing smooth and frictionless movement. The goal of total hip replacement surgery is to relieve pain and increase the mobility and function of a damaged hip joint.
Total Hip Replacement is also advised as the golden standard for hip arthritis in patients older than 65 years and with patients with advanced hip destruction or altered anatomy of the hip. Hip replacement surgery is done through an incision made along the side of the hip. The upper end of the thigh bone which is round in shape is cut and replaced with the implant’s components. It may be stabilized with or without cement. The surface of the hip joint which has to receive the ball component (often damaged because of arthritis) is made even and smooth by the surgeon, so that the new metal socket can be cemented properly. The new ball and socket of the joint are then joined.
Risks and Complications
Hip replacement is a big operation and all major surgery carries risks. Possible complications include: blood clots, wound haematoma (bleeding),dislocation, infection of the joint, one leg longer than the other, nerve damage, ongoing discomfort, wear, loosening.