A kidney transplant is an operation that places a healthy kidney in your body. The transplanted kidney takes over the work of the two kidneys that failed, so you no longer need dialysis.
Kidney come from a living family member. If you have a transplant, you must take drugs for the rest of your life, to keep your body from rejecting the new kidney. Although most transplants are successful and last for many years, how long they last can vary from one person to the next. Few people will need more than one kidney transplant during a lifetime.
Who can get a kidney transplant?
Kidney patients of all ages—from children to seniors—can get a transplant.
You must be healthy enough to have the operation, also be free from cancer and infection. Every person being considered for transplant will get a full medical and psychosocial evaluation to make sure they are a good candidate for transplant.
What does the kidney transplant operation involve?
You may be surprised to learn that your own kidneys generally aren’t taken out when you get a transplant. The surgeon leaves them where they are unless there is a medical reason to remove them.
The donated kidney is placed into your lower abdomen (belly), where it’s easiest to connect it to your important blood vessels and bladder. Putting the new kidney in your abdomen also makes it easier to take care of any problems that might come up.
3 Types of Kidney Transplant
- Living-donor kidney transplant : A living-donor kidney transplant is the removal of a kidney from a living donor and placement into a recipient whose kidneys no longer function properly.
Only one donated kidney is needed to replace two failed kidneys, which makes living-donor kidney transplant an alternative to deceased-donor kidney transplant.
- Pre-emptive kidney transplant : Getting a transplant before you need to start dialysis is called a preemptive transplant. Some research shows that a pre-emptive or early transplant, with little or no time spent on dialysis, can lead to better long-term health. It may also allow you to keep working, save time and money, and have a better quality of life.
What if I’m older or have other health problems?
In many cases, people who are older or have other health conditions like diabetes can still have successful kidney transplants. Careful evaluation is needed to understand and deal with any special risks. You may be asked to do some things that can lessen certain risks and improve the chances of a successful transplant. For example, you may be asked to lose weight or quit smoking.
If you have diabetes, you may also be able to have a pancreas transplant. Ask your treating physician about getting a Pancreas Transplant along with a Kidney Transplant.
How do I get a Donor Kidney?
If your doctor thinks a transplant is an option for you, you’ll then have exams, X-rays, and scans to make sure you’re healthy enough to go through the transplant process.
What happens during Surgery?
A kidney transplant often takes 3 hours, but can last as long as 5 hours.
You’ll be given anaesthesia so you stay asleep the whole time. Then once you’re “under anaesthesia,” the surgeon will make an opening in your abdomen, just above your groin. Your own kidneys won’t be removed unless they’re infected or causing pain, but the donor kidney will be put in. Its blood vessels will be attached. Then, the surgeon will connect the ureter (the tube that carries urine from your kidney) to your bladder.
What are the possible problems after a kidney transplant?
The donated kidney may start working right away or may take up to a few weeks to make urine. If the new kidney doesn’t start working right away, you’ll need dialysis treatments to filter wastes and extra salt and fluid from your body until it starts working.
Other problems following kidney transplant are similar to other pelvic surgeries and may include:
- infection, especially a bladder infection
- pain or numbness along the inner thigh that usually goes away without treatment
- Transplant rejection is rare right after surgery and can take days or weeks to occur.
What are the symptoms of transplant rejection?
Transplant rejection often begins before you feel any changes. The routine blood tests that you have at the transplant center will reveal early signs of rejection. You may develop high blood pressure or notice swelling because your kidney isn’t getting rid of extra salt and fluid in your body.
Your health care provider will treat early signs of rejection by adjusting your medicines to help keep your body from rejecting your new kidney.
Transplant rejection is becoming less common. However, your body may still reject the donor kidney, even if you do everything you should. If that happens, you may need to go on dialysis and go back on the waiting list for another kidney. Some people are able to get a second kidney transplant.
Will I need to follow a special diet?
In general, transplant recipients should eat a heart-healthy diet (low fat, low salt) and drink plenty of fluids. If you have diabetes or other health problems, you may still have some dietary restrictions. A dietician can help you plan meals that are right for you.
India is becoming the most preferred healthcare destination globally.
The superlative medical treatment provided by the skilled doctors in world-class infrastructure at nearly one third the cost compared to Western Europe, North America and some Southeast Asian countries adds up to India’s credentials.
Indian experts have pioneered many procedures, including living-donor kidney transplants and kidney transplant before dialysis is needed. The transplant teams have extensive experience in the most complex types of kidney transplantation, including ABO incompatible, positive crossmatch and paired donation kidney transplants.
Kidney Transplant in India is performed through cutting- edge clinical solutions, research, extraordinary patient care and infrastructure of world-class standards. Kidney Transplant is a complex surgical exercise and needs highly skilled consultants, ingenious technical staff and advanced technology working with perfect harmony, enormous dedication and team work. India offers a one stop solution for all those seeking critical procedures such as Kidney Transplant.