Cosmetic Surgery, a type of popular plastic surgery aims to improve a person’s appearance, but should be approached with caution. It usually bears permanent solutions but this is important to be sure about the decision, to use the services of an appropriate practitioner, and to have the right motivation.
Reconstructive Surgery is another type of plastic surgery that aims to improve function to present a normal appearance to a part of the person’s body that has been damaged. Corrections are administered to treat the defects resultant to congenital malfunctions, trauma, severe infection, developmental abnormalities, malignant tumours or diseases. Few examples of such surgeries include deformities of hand, Scar removal, Breast reduction, Cleft lip and palate, Tissue expansion etcetra.
Cosmetic Surgery Vs Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic surgery is performed on normal, healthy body parts so as to improve and enhance their respective appearance. People choose to undergo this surgery mostly to enhance the way they look, based on their perceived ideals of beauty. Plastic surgery or reconstructive surgery on the other hand corrects an abnormality that results from a birth defect, accident or a certain health condition. Most often, this surgery addresses not just the deformed appearance, but in addition seeks correcting or
improving some particular deficiency or abnormality in the function of the body organs.
Technology and Techniques
Minimally Invasive is mainly used in plastic surgery, with laser.
Mostly the doctors extend comprehensive laser treatments and these are highly preferred due to their affordability and satisfactory outputs.
Cosmetic Surgery Procedures
An extensive variety of aesthetic procedures is available for different parts of the body. It is advisable to undergo extensive counselling before undergoing any of those.
Mammoplasty may address Breast augmentation or enlargement, traditionally performed through using saline or silicone gel prosthetics, and of late using fat grafting.
Breast Implants are used to increase breast size or aid in reconstruction post surgery while Breast reduction may reduce the risk of breast cancer in women who run high risk of acquiring breast cancer.
Mastopexy or a breast lift removes skin and glandular tissue to make the breasts smaller and rearranges remains of tissue to give the breast a lifted appearance. Usually, this can be combined with an implant.
Male Breast Reduction treats Gynecomastia which is an enlargement of the mammary tissue in men is treated through Liposuction.
Liposuction or suction-assisted lipectomy uses thin cannulas, or hollow metal tubes to vacuum fat from various parts of the body. Usually the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips, arm back and neck. It could also be used for male breast reduction.
There are standard guidelines as to how much amount of fat the surgeon can safely remove.
Unlike Bariatric surgery Liposuction does not reduce the risk of developing diabetes, coronary disease, or high blood pressure.
Abdominoplasty also called tummy tuck reshapes and firms the abdomen removing excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen, with the aim of tightening the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall. This procedure helps losing a great deal of weight post pregnancy.
Usually, these natures of procedures are combined with Abdominoplasty to treat conditions where patients who have lost a significant amount of weight after bariatric, or weight loss, surgeries, etc.
Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery) intends to reshape the eyelids that with age factor experiences lax skin, drooping or hooding of the upper lids, or puffiness under or on the lower lids. This type of Surgery could be functional, cosmetic or both and mostly involves removal or repositioning of excess skin and fat which may reinforce surrounding muscles and tendons and as a result changes the shape of the face or tightens the skin.
Rhinoplasty (Nose job) involves reshaping nose of the patient in order to improve the appearance and most often breathing, too. The procedure could be performed with small incisions well hidden, often inside the nostrils. Surgeons prefer the patient to be atleast 15 years old so as to allow full growth of cartilage and nose bone.
Otoplasty (Ear Surgery) is used to treat prominent or misshapen ears via surgically “pinning” the ear nearer to the head with sutures or reshaping the cartilage, or in cases do both. It could be chosen to treat one or both ears and is most commonly performed in children above 5 or 6 years as the ears essentially reach adult size by that age.
Rhytidectomy (Facelift) surgically removes wrinkles and tightens the facial skin to achieve more youthful appearance. Atypical to this procedure, Incision is placed in front of and behind the ears, stretching into the hairline in the temple area. The skin is lifted off the deeper facial tissue, redraped tight, excessive of skin is removed. Later, incisions are sutured.
Chin Augmentation gives the chin a bit more prominence alongside providing balanced facial features through either a prosthetic implant or manipulation of chin bone.
BOTOX comprises of range of cosmetic surgeries that aid in improving appearance, treat wrinkles, facial creases and is apt to treat frown lines at forehead, crow feet (lines around the eye), and axillary hyperhidrosis i.e. Increased sweating of the armpits, etc.
Hair Transplantation helps renew hair growth. In this procedure, tiny hair follicle grafts from the back of the scalp, where hair usually tend to be denser are picked and are transplanted with minute incisions to the areas of the scalp affected by hair loss. It requires several sessions to achieve required results.
Though like after 6 weeks, the transplanted hair fall out, 3 months down the line, new hair grow.
Dermabrasion is a skin-resurfacing procedure that uses a rapid rotating device and sands the outer layers of skin. Later, the skin that re-grows is smoother and younger looking. The procedure helps decreasing fine facial lines, improves the appearance of scars, such as those caused by acne.
Laser removal of hair is the commonly held cosmetic procedures in which the laser beams are concentrated to administer light into hair follicles where the pigment present in follicles absorbs that light which destroys the unwanted hair. It helps the women rid of shaving, tweezing, or waxing.
Laser removal of pigmentation treats Freckles, Sun Spots, Hyperpigmentation, Age spots (solar lentigines), Flat pigmented birthmarks (congenital melanocytic naevi). The laser, Alexandrite 755nm produces high energy light wavelength, which is converted into heat energy and is capable to target specific area s of pigmentation while eliminating the desired object. At the same time, leaving surrounding tissue without any damage.
NO SMOKING or not to use any tobacco products several months prior to procedure to be seriously followed for anyone considering cosmetic surgery as that can slow down the wound healing.
CHECK-LIST FOR PATIENTS UNDER GOING COSMETIC SURGERY
- Always engage a reputable surgeon. Cross check essential credentials.
- After obtaining surgeon’s advice, weigh your options. Make your own informed decisions.
- Educate yourself enough to be able to understand the procedure, all the pros and cons.
- Discuss thoroughly the risks and limitations and a possibility if the procedure might require repeat in 6 months?
- Plan the surgery well. Avoid lining it up around stressful circumstances such as switching jobs, bereavement, pregnancy, shifting to a new city,etc.
- Avoid to an extent traveling too far for treatment, and if travel is evitable, ensure if the arrangements are reliable and you have finances in place.
- Keep your family doctor posted at all stages: pre, post and during surgery.
- If possible, speak with people who have undergone cosmetic surgeries. Check with your Surgeon- the before-and-after photographs.
- Be very sure about sterility guide lines being followed by the authorities to avoid infection.
Possible Complications of Cosmetic Surgery
In case, the patient notices any of the following symptoms during or shortly after surgery, he or she must seek medical attention:
- Unusual pain
- Visual disturbances
- White skin near an injection site
- Signs of stroke
India is becoming the most preferred healthcare destination globally.
The superlative medical treatment provided by the skilled doctors in world-class infrastructure at nearly one third the cost compared to Western Europe, North America and some Southeast Asian countries adds up to India’s credentials.
India is a trusted name in Cosmetic Surgery Procedures for international patients, as the hospitals here have not just a highly qualified Cosmetic Surgery team, but also very stringent infection control norms which are critical for Cosmetic Surgery patients that come at very affordable prices. Advanced Medical Procedures, upgraded superior facilities and technologies are super advanced in India that incentivises the patients from across the world.
It has been through a radical change over the last decade. More and more people are confirming its value and need. The number of aesthetic surgery procedures performed in India has significantly increased.
Cosmetic Surgery in India is performed through cutting- edge clinical solutions, research, extraordinary patient care and infrastructure of world-class standards. Cosmetic Surgery is a complex surgical exercise and needs highly skilled consultants, ingenious technical staff and advanced technology working with perfect harmony, enormous dedication and team work. India offers a one stop solution for all those seeking critical procedures such as Cosmetic Surgeries.