General Surgery includes extensive knowledge and experience in Surgical Critical Care, Surgical Oncology & Trauma and typically includes common abdominal complaints including appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder surgeries, stomach and intestinal issues and deals with various patients:
- Terminally ill patients to include palliative care and pain management, nutritional management extending counselling and support for end-of-life decisions and care.
- Morbidly obese patients – surgical and non-surgical interventions for weight loss (bariatrics) and counselling of patient and families.
- Geriatric surgical patient management including the ones with comorbid chronic diseases.
- Culturally diverse and vulnerable patient populations.
Common General Surgical Procedures
Appendectomy – the surgical removal of appendix, a small tube that branches off the large intestine, to treat acute appendicitis which is the acute inflammation of appendix due to infection.
Breast biopsy – involves removal of tissue or cells for examination under a microscope that can also be used to remove abnormal breast tissue. This may be performed using a hollow needle to extract tissue (needle aspiration), or a lump may be partially or completely removed (lumpectomy) for examination and/or treatment.
Carotid Endarterectomy removes blockage from carotid arteries which if left untreated can cause stroke.
Cataract surgery involves the removal of the cloudy contents that cover the lens of the eye with ultrasound waves. The entire lens is removed in few cases.
Caesarean Section (C-Section) addresses the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother’s abdomen and uterus when physicians determine it a safer alternative for the mother, baby or both.
Cholecystectomy is surgery to remove the gallbladder (a pear-shaped sac near the right lobe of the liver that holds bile) if the organ is infected, or becomes cancerous. Usually, it is a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.
Coronary Artery Bypass commonly referred to as “bypass surgery,” is often performed in people with angina (chest pain) and coronary artery disease. A bypass is created grafting a piece of a vein above and below the blocked area of coronary artery, enabling blood to flow around the obstruction. Usually, veins are taken from the leg, but arteries from the chest too may be used.
Debridement of wound, burn or infection involves surgical removal of foreign material and/or dead, damaged, or infected tissue to allow for more effective healing.
Dilation and Curettage (D & C) is a minor operation when cervix is dilated (expanded) so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a curette (spoon-shaped instrument).
Free Skin Graft detaches healthy skin from one part of the body to repair areas of lost or damaged skin in another part. Skin grafts are performed to treat burns, injuries or the diseased skin. They are also performed when the area in question is too large to be repaired by stitches or natural healing.
Haemorrhoidectomy removes haemorrhoids, the distended veins in the lower rectum or anus. The newest and advanced treatment of haemorrhoids is called the Procedure for Prolapse and Haemorrhoids (PPH) that reduces the prolapse (enlargement) of haemorrhoidal tissue. Patients experience less pain and recover faster.
Colon Cancer Surgery removes many a types of colon and rectal cancers while other cancers may require radiation and/or chemotherapy in addition.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman’s uterus performed either through an abdominal incision or vaginally.
Hysteroscopy helps diagnosing and treating many uterine disorders. The hysteroscope (an aid instrument inserted through the vagina for visual examination of the canal of the cervix and the interior of the uterus) transmits an image of the uterine canal and cavity to an imaging screen.
Inguinal Hernia repairs protrusions of part of the intestine into the muscles of the groin laparoscopically to pull the intestine back to its original location.
Lower Back Pain Surgery may be recommended for various reasons including abnormal development of the backbone, back stress, injury or due to physical disorder that affects spine bones. Surgery is considered whilst all other options have been exhausted including rest, medication, and mild exercise.
Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication treats Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).
Lung Surgery contains both the malignant and benign lung disease. Minimally Invasive Procedure called Thoracoscopy is adopted.
Mastectomy is usually performed to treat breast cancer. Partial (segmental) mastectomy involves the removal of the breast cancer and a larger portion of the normal breast tissue around the breast cancer.
In Total (or simple) Mastectomy, surgeon removes the entire breast, including the nipple, the areola (the coloured, circular area around the nipple), and most of the overlying skin, and may also remove some of the lymph nodes under the arm, also called the axillary lymph glands. Modified Radical Mastectomy surgery shall involve removing entire breast (including the nipple, the areola, and the overlying skin), some of the lymph nodes under the arm and the lining over the chest muscle. While in some cases, part of the chest wall muscle is also removed.
Partial Colectomy is the removal of part of the large intestine (colon) to treat cancer of the colon or long-term ulcerative colitis.
Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland in men that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra and may be performed to treat an enlarged prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or if the prostate gland is cancerous.
Releasing of Peritoneal Adhesions. Peritoneum is a two layered membrane lining the wall of abdominal cavity and covers abdominal organs. Many a times, organs adhere to the peritoneum and may require surgery to detach.
Sclerotherapy is simply an injection of a compound given into the vein to shut down that vein completely as one of the treatment remedies to Varicose vein. Once the vein shuts down, the blood supply to the vein is stopped and the body will eventually absorb it. As all these veins are superficial, they can be spared and usually do not play a significant part in the blood supply from your leg.
Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of one or both tonsils that are located at the back of the mouth and help fight infections.
Thyroid Surgery helps removal of thyroid cancer or addresses suspicious thyroid lumps or nodules. It could be both Partial & Total in nature.
Varicose Veins or spider veins are extremely common where a normal vein gets stretched out beyond its normal size. It never returns back to its original size and there is a chance that it continues enlarging.
As these veins enlarge they become quite painful and symptomatic. Commonly related causes are pregnancy, prolonged standing ,walking, a previous deep vein clot or even a hereditary disposition.
VNUS closure, often followed by ambulatory phlebectomy and finally, sclerotherapy might be used to treat it.
Weight loss Surgery ( Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery). In today’s world of increasing morbidity & mortality , the Bariatric Surgery i.e. performed laparoscopically has emerged as a promising treatment which in addition helps to achieve significant improvements in T2DM, HTN, Joint Pains, Sleep disorders, Infertility & many other health conditions.
Sleeve Gastrectomy , Gastric Banding , Gastric Bypass – Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass & Mini Gastric Bypass (MGB) are some of its kinds.
India is becoming the most preferred healthcare destination globally.
The superlative medical treatment provided by the skilled doctors in world-class infrastructure at nearly one third the cost compared to Western Europe, North America and some Southeast Asian countries adds up to India’s credentials.
India is a trusted name in General Surgery for international patients, as the hospitals here have not just a highly qualified General Surgery team, but also very stringent infection control norms which are critical for General Surgery patients.
General Surgery in India is performed through cutting- edge clinical solutions, research, extraordinary patient care and infrastructure of world-class standards. General Surgery is a complex surgical exercise completely contrary to its name and needs highly skilled consultants, ingenious technical staff and advanced technology working with perfect harmony, enormous dedication and team work. India offers a one stop solution for all those seeking critical procedures such as General Surgery.
The Department of General Surgery in India leads the way in improving patient outcomes with cutting- edge surgical care and standards. The high success rate of General Surgeries conducted in India determine best basic, clinical and outcomes. Indian General Surgeons have expertise in performing all major surgeries related to abdomen, skin, breast, soft tissues, and hernia.
Besides this, general surgeons in India also specialise in Laparoscopic surgery, also called the key-hole surgery or minimally invasive surgery and play a great role in the field of gynaecology, gastroenterology and urology.