Liver Transplant in India

A Liver Transplant Surgery is required when the liver functions are damaged beyond the body capacity to regenerate. In children, a common reason for liver transplant is biliary atresia caused due to underdeveloped bile ducts. In adults, the most common cause of liver disease is chronic infection with Hepatitis C virus. Other causes include liver damage due to prolonged alcoholism, Fatty Liver Disease, Primary Biliary Cirrhosis, Liver Cancer among other conditions. Liver transplantation is the treatment for end stage liver disease in both adults and children. In this operation, the diseased liver is removed and replaced by a healthy one. The success rate for the operation is high and terminally ill patient can return to normal lives. There are a number of Super Specialty Hospitals in India specializing in Liver Transplant procedure using the latest medical techniques and state-of-the-art technology and infrastructure.

Procedure
Liver transplantation is a highly successful procedure. In this procedure, surgeons take 35% portion of a liver from donor and implant it in the liver recipient. The liver regenerates to its full size in both donor and recipient. The average hospital stay for both recipient and donor is seven days, the recovery time for donors is about two months and for recipients is about six to 12 months. The liver begins to regenerate itself almost immediately.

Who Need a Liver Transplant?
Liver transplantation surgically replaces a failing or diseased liver with one that is normal and healthy. At this time, transplantation is the only cure for liver insufficiency or liver failure because no device or machine reliably performs all of the functions of the liver. People who require liver transplants typically have one of the following conditions.

Acute liver failure
Acute liver failure occurs when your liver rapidly loses its ability to function. More commonly, liver failure develops slowly over the course of years. But in acute liver failure, liver failure develops in a matter of days.

Alcoholic Liver Disease
Alcohol is the most widely abused agent in the world and its excessive intake is the leading cause of liver disease. It is consumed as beer, wine or distilled spirit and a blood level of 100 mg/dl is the legal definition for drunk driving in India. A blood concentration of 200 mg/dl causes inebriation while a level of 300-400 mg/dl can lead to coma, respiratory arrest and death.

Liver Tumor Cancer
Tumors are abnormal masses of tissue that form when cells begin to reproduce at an increased rate. The liver can grow both non-cancerous (benign) and cancerous (malignant) tumors.

Hapatitis A
Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that can cause mild to severe illness. It relates to inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the liver.The hepatitis A virus is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food and water, or through direct contact with an infectious person. The hepatitis A virus is one of the most frequent causes of food borne infection. Epidemics related to contaminated food or water can erupt explosively, such as the epidemic in Shanghai in 1988 that affected about 300 000 people. Hepatitis A viruses persist in the environment and can resist food-production processes routinely used to inactivate and/or control bacterial pathogens. Improved sanitation and the hepatitis A vaccine are the most effective ways to combat the disease.

Hapatitis B
Hepatitis B is the most common liver infection in the world and is caused by the hepatitis B virus. The hepatitis B virus enters the body and travels through the blood to the liver. In the liver, it attaches to the liver cells and multiplies. Although the patient may not have any problems at this phase, multiplication of the virus triggers a response from the body immune system. Hepatitis B infection can lead to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver failure or even liver cancer unless diagnosed and managed early. There are probably 350 – 400 million people with chronic (lifelong) hepatitis B infection worldwide. Hepatitis B infection is considered to be acute in the first 6 months after infection. If hepatitis B virus tests (HBsAg) are positive after 6 months, this is now a chronic (long term) hepatitis B infection, which may last a lifetime.

Hapatitis C
Hepatitis C is spread by direct blood-to-blood contact. For this reason, it is difficult to get or give hepatitis C unless there is blood transfusion involved.

Cirrhosis CLD
Cirrhosis is a slowly progressing disease in which healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue, eventually preventing the liver from functioning properly. The scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and slows the processing of nutrients, hormones, drugs, and naturally produced toxins. It also slows the production of proteins and other substances made by the liver.

Why choose India for Liver Transplantation?
Liver transplantation in India is performed through cutting- edge clinical solutions, research, extraordinary patient care and infrastructure of world-class standards. This has addressed concerns of many patients and has helped them get rid of complex and most end stage liver diseases. Liver Transplant is a complex surgical exercise and need highly skilled consultants, ingenious technical staff and advanced technology working with perfect harmony, enormous dedication and team work. India offers a one stop solution for all those seeking critical procedures such as Liver transplantation.

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Liver Transplant Cost Estimate in India- $30,000-$45,000
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